Eczema/Dermatitis
Eczema on the face
Eczema on the face


What are Eczema/Dermatits?

  • Eczema- A noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter (pale yellow and transparent) and become encrusted and scaly.
  • Dermatitis- An allergic reaction to a substance, such as a chemical in soaps or makeup, that comes in contact with the skin.
  • Allergies, asthma, hay fever versus allergic reaction

Types of Eczema/Dermatitis:
Contact Dermatitis on face
Contact Dermatitis on face

  • Atopic Eczema- is an allergic disease believed to have a hereditary component and often runs in families whose members also have asthma/allergies. Itchy rash is particularly noticeable on head and scalp, neck, inside of elbows, behind knees, and buttocks.
  • Contact Dermatitis- is of two types: allergic (resulting from a delayed reaction to some allergen, such as poison ivu or nickel), and irritant (resulting from direct reaction to a detergent). Some substances act both as allergen and irritant (wet cement, for example).
  • Xerotic Eczema-is dry skin that becomes so serious it turns into eczema. It worsens in drywinter weather, and limbs and trunk are most often affected. The itchy, tender skin resembles a dry, cracked, river bed.
  • Seborrhoeic Dermatitis (cradle cap)-a form of eczema that is closely related to dandruff.
Cradle Cap on infants head
Cradle Cap on infants head
It causes dry greasy peeling of the scalp, eyebrows, and face, and sometimes trunk.


What Causes Eczema/Dermatitis?
  • The cause of eczema is unknown but is presumed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
  • Externally is typically when you come into direct contact with a substance that caused a reaction.
  • Internal triggers cause an extreme reaction by your immune system and the skin begins to react internally, at the cellular level.


Diagnosis
  • Based mostly on family history and physical examination.
  • In uncertain cases, skin biopsy may be useful.
  • Where eczema is most common in certain people:
external image where_eczema_appears.jpg

Treatment
  • Currently no cure for eczema/dermatitis
  • Focus on finding treatments on how to control eczema when it flares up
    Ointment cream used for treatment of eczema
    Ointment cream used for treatment of eczema
  • Creams to help lock in moisture to the skin such as, topical steroid creams, oral steroids, topical immunomodulators, antihistamines, ultraviolet light treatment
  • A variety of alternative health therapies such as allergy testing, aromatherapy, hypnotherapy, acupuncture, traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), chiropractic and homeopathy


Fun Facts
  • A skin condition that affects both men and women.
  • Age also doesn't seem to make a difference, since this skin condition appears in anyone from babies to the elderly.
  • About one fifth of all children suffer from eczema and about one in every twelve adults has eczema.
  • Eczema can range from mild to severe. Mild eczema symptoms include red, dry and itchy skin.
  • In moderate to severe cases it can be very inflamed, very itchy, cracked, crusty, scaly, and raw.
  • In more severe cases you may also see bleeding or clear fluid leaking - this is also known as wet eczema.
Eczema on different body parts
Eczema on different body parts
Recognizing Eczema
  • Skin Redness: 
redness.jpg