Alopecia & Gray Hair

•Alopecia is the loss of hair or balding.external image hair-falling-out.jpg•There are many factors attributing to the loss of one’s hair–Damage to the hair shaft or follicles–Fungal infection–Aging–Genetics –Illness–Some medications (Chemotherapy)–Malnutrition–Autoimmune disorder

Two Types of Alopecia
–Alopecia areata= immune system attacks hair follicles; hairs are easily broken or easy to pull out; patches all over the body, including the nailsexternal image 2382.1.png
Alopecia areata of the nail
Alopecia areata of the nail

–Androgenetic alopecia= inherited form of hair loss; genetic; hair on head thins and falls out leaving bald spots. Men= male pattern baldness. Women= female diffuse hair loss. This form of alopecia is permanent.

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Female Diffuse Hair Loss
Female Diffuse Hair Loss

Gray Hair

-Each hair follicle contains a certain number of pigment cells. These pigment cells continuously produce a chemical called melanin
-Melanin gives the growing hair shaft its color
-As we get older the pigment cells in our hair follicles gradually die
-The hair will no longer contain much melanin causing the hair to be transparent
-Eventually the hair will turn completely grey
-People can get grey hair at any age, it is determined by our genes

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